Climate Science: All About The Greenhouse Effect

Climate Science: All About The Greenhouse Effect

Lesson 2 of 3 in this unit

  • Cool+
  • Secondary
  • Year 9
  • Science
  • Earth and Space
  • Environmental
  • Climate Change
  • ...

Lesson summary

Students will explore the greenhouse effect, looking at the role of greenhouse gases in the greenhouse effect and the causes of the enhanced greenhouse effect.

Learning intentions:

Students will...

  • understand that the greenhouse effect is naturally occurring
  • recognise that increased human-induced greenhouse gases have been amplifying the greenhouse effect.

Success criteria:

Students can...

  • explain the role of rising greenhouse gases in the enhanced greenhouse effect.
  • summarise how the natural greenhouse effect differs from the enhanced greenhouse effect

Lesson guides and printables

Lesson Plan
Student Worksheet
Climate Change Factsheet
Talking About Climate Change

Lesson details


This lesson is designed to build students’ competencies in the following skills:

  • creative thinking
  • critical thinking
  • collaboration
  • communication
  • problem solving

Curriculum Mapping

Australian Curriculum (v9.0) content description:

Year 9 Science: 

  • Represent the carbon cycle and examine how key processes including combustion, photosynthesis and respiration rely on interactions between Earth’s spheres (the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere) (AC9S9U03)
  • Write and create texts to communicate ideas, findings and arguments effectively for identified purposes and audiences, including selection of appropriate content, language and text features, using digital tools as appropriate (AC9S9I08)

General capabilities: Critical and Creative Thinking

Syllabus outcomes: SC5-ENV-01

Cross-curriculum priority:  Sustainability

Relevant parts of Year 9 Science achievement standards: Students explain how interactions within and between Earth’s spheres affect the carbon cycle. They select and use content, language and text features effectively to achieve their purpose when communicating their ideas, findings and arguments to specific audiences.

UN Sustainable Development Goals

UN SDG 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

  • Target 13.3: Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning.

Resources Required

  • Climate Change fact sheet
  • Device capable of sharing audiovisual material
  • Student Worksheet - one for each student
  • Teacher support - Talking About Climate Change fact sheet.
  • Optional - materials for mini greenhouse model

Resources can be found in the Lesson Plan above.

Additional Info

These lessons draw on concepts from the Carbon Almanac.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium - oversee class discussions and lead students in model making. 

Related Professional Learning

How To Teach Sustainability With Hope 

Quick Summary: This course will help you find out how to bring hope to challenging, upsetting or worrying topics around sustainability.

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